Dragon

Dragon 7228 CHALLENGER II (IRAQ 2003)

CHALLENGER II (IRAQ 2003) - Image 1
規模: 1:72
メーカー: Dragon
製品コード: dra7228
可用性: 在庫切れ
最後に利用可能: 11.10.2015
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国に出荷するとき: 日本
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基本情報

メーカーDragon
製品コードdra7228
重さ:0.17 kg
Ean:89195872289
規模1:72
カタログに追加:30.10.2004
タグ:Challenger-II Iraq-War-2003

The FV 4034 Challenger 2 is a modern 3rd generation British Main Battle Tank. The first prototypes of the vehicle were built in 1991, and serial production continued in the years 1993-2002, ending with the production of about 450 examples. Challenger 2 is powered by an engine Perkins-Condor CV12 with 1,200 hp . The basic version of the vehicle is armed with a single 120mm L30A1 rifled cannon and two 7.62mm machine guns.

Challenger 2 in the first stages of development works (mid 1980s), was constructed as a private enterprise of Vickers Defense Systems (now BAE Systems), which was based on the experience gained from the operation of the Chieftain tank and - especially - the Challenger 1, which Challenger 2 was supposed to replace. It was only at the turn of the 1980s and 1990s that the British army became interested in the project and chose the Challenger 2 as their new main battle tank. The Challenger 2 tank has very good armor, using Chobham / Dorchester L2 composite armor and an effective 120mm gun. However, it gives way to other western 3rd generation tanks in the field of maneuverability and mobility, which is due to the high weight of the car (63 tons in the basic version, as much as 75 tons in the version with reinforced armor) and the engine power of only 1200 HP, compared to 1500 engines. KM in M1 Abrams, Leclerc and Leopard 2. The Challenger 2 tank was used in combat during Operation Desert Storm (1990-1991) and the war with Iraq in 2003. The only user of this type of tank - apart from the British army - is Oman.

Second Persian Gulf War 2003 invasion of Iraq ) was formally launched on March 19, 2003, and formally ended with a speech by US President George W. Bush Jr. on May 1, 2003. It is worth remembering, however, that American troops and the countries supporting them officially remained in Iraq until 2011. The main cause of the conflict was the US's desire to destroy the weapons of mass destruction allegedly owned by Iraq, and the country's alleged sponsorship of international terrorism - a slogan that was particularly popular and important for the US citizen after the tragic attack of September 11, 2001. On one side of the barricade, in the course of this war, stood the troops of the anti-Iraqi coalition composed of the forces of several countries (including Poland), but mainly of the United States, which in the period March-April 2003 totaled approx. 200,000. Over time, the numbers of these forces changed. Their opponent was the Iraqi forces estimated at 350,000-380,000 soldiers. Paradoxically, then, the Iraqi forces had an advantage in numbers, but they were clearly inferior to the coalition forces on other levels of the art of war. Contrary to the First Gulf War, the command of the coalition forces decided to conduct simultaneous very intensive operations on land and in the air, focusing primarily on the technological advancement of its own forces, surprise and speed of action. The main goal of the operation was to seize Baghdad as a result of a violent raid of coalition troops deep into Iraq. It is worth adding that in the course of this highly movement phase of the war, the coalition's troops bypassed larger cities, making an exception for the important cities of Basra. Within 21 days of the start of the attack, the coalition's troops had reached Baghdad, and on April 9, 2003, the capital of Iraq was formally in the hands of the coalition forces. Considering the war from a purely military point of view, it ended with a complete success of the coalition forces, achieved very quickly and with minimal losses. From a political point of view, however, it turned out to be a debatable victory, and what's more, it engaged American troops in long-term stabilization activities in Iraq, the cost of which - both human and economic - probably exceeded the costs of the March-April 2003 operation.

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カタログに追加: 30.10.2004
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